When David had done all he could in his private and personal capacity in preparation for the building of the temple, he summoned an assembly of the leaders in all departments of the nation’s life to commend the scheme to them, and, as the next chapter shows, was greatly gratified by their response.
- ‘I had it in my heart to… But God said to me, “You are not”’ (verses 2 and 3).
Have you had a similar experience in your service of God?
How does David bring out that God’s plan was far better?
- There are two charges to Solomon in this passage. See verses 9, 10 and 20, 21. Considering them together:
(a) what was to be Solomon’s first duty,
(b) what was the character of the God with whom he had to do,
(c) what were the two grounds of his confidence, and
(d) what was consequently to be the manner and spirit of his service?
What lessons do you find in this for your life
Note. Verse 19. Note the distinct claim here made that the pattern of the temple and of its service was given to David by revelation.
These chapter record the family divisions and the work of
(a) the 4000 choristers mentioned in 23:5 (see chapter 25),
(b) the 4000 doorkeepers (26:1-19) and
(c) the 6000 officers and judges (26; 20-32).
All these were Levites.
Chapter 27 records the leaders of the tribes, the commanders of the monthly divisions, and the chief officers of state.
- Who were the three chief leaders of praise?
See 25:1; also 6:33, 39, 44; 15:16, 17.
Why is their ministry of praise called ‘prophesying’?
Cf. Eph. 5:18, 19.
- Amidst the many differences of function and service described in these chapters, notice the way in which al contribute to the worship and honour of the Lord.
What developments of this lesson do you find in the teaching about Christian service in Eph. 4:1-7, 11, 12; 1 Cor. 12:18-21?
- 25:3. ‘Jeduthun’: elsewhere called ‘Ethan’. See 6:44; 15:17, 19.
- 26:29. ‘Officials and judges’: the officials collected the tithes and other revenue and the judges gave judgment in matters of law.
Chapter 23, after telling of the assembly at which these matters were decided (verse 2), first gives
the division of the Levites according to their work (verses 3,4). and then their divisions according to families or houses, as descended respectively from the three sons of Levi- from Gershom (verses 7-11), from Kohath (verses 12-20) and from Merari (verses 21-23). The remainder of the chapter defines their duties. Chapter 24 speaks of those who served within the temple, distinguishing between the sons of Aaron, who were priests (verses 1-19), and the rest, who were attendants of the priests (verses 20-31). Together these made up the 24,000 of 23:4a.
- Compare the special duties of the priests (23:13- see Note below) with those of the other Levites who were not sons of Aaron.
What part of the Levites’ former duties were now no longer necessary, and why (23:25-32)?
- Why has all this elaborate organization passed away?
Cf. Heb. 7:11-25. What has taken its place? Cf. Heb. 8:1, 2; 1 pet.2:4, 5, 9; Rev.1:6.
Note. 23:13. ‘To consecrate…’: better, ‘to sanctify as most holy him and his sons for ever’, as in RV mg. The burning of incense implies also the sprinkling of the blood of the atonement. Cf. Exod. 30:10; Lev. 16:12-14.
The thought of building a house for the Lord had been in David’s mind, but now the way for action was open. This passage tells of the abundance of what David prepared, his charge to Solomon, and his charge to the leaders of the tribes.
- What may we learn from David’s high conception of the kind of building that alone would be worthy (verse 5) and from the abundance of the preparations?
Contrast the spirit of the people in Malachi’s day (Mal. 1:6-8).
What can we also learn from David’s willing acceptance of God’s decision that not he, but Solomon, should build the temple?
- Study David’s charge to Solomon and the people. What did he lay down as the all-important secrets of success?
What were the people to do before undertaking the task of building (verse 19)?
Cf. Cor. 8:5.