John 10:22-42

  1. Why would a plain answer to the Jews’ question of verse 24 have been useless?
    What indications of the nature of Jesus’ person were already being given?
    See verses 25, 32, 37, 38. Why were the Jews incapable of seeing this?
    Do your works corroborate your words?
  2. In the statements of verses 27, 28 how is the sheep’s relation to the shepherds described, and how the shepherd’s relation to the sheep?
    On what grounds given in verses 28, 29 can you be sure that you will never perish?
  3. In what terms does Jesus describe his relationship with God, and what evidence does he give in support of His claim?
    How far are the words of the Jews at the end of verse 33 correct?
    What ought they to have done?

Note.

  1. Verse 30. The word ‘one’ is neuter in the Greek: ‘a unity’, not ‘one person’.
  2. Verses 34-36. See Ps. 82:6. Even the judges of Israel, acting as God’s representatives, were called ‘gods’. The Jews should have seen that Jesus was far superior to them. This comparison with the men of the Old Testament is sufficient argument to refute the charge of blasphemy. Jesus does not imply that he is merely a man like them.
Advertisements

John 10:1-21

Compare Jer. 23:1-4. By their attitude to the blind man of chapter 9 the Pharisees, who claimed to be the spiritual guides of Israel as the people of God, has shown themselves to be ‘thieves and robbers’ (verses 1, 8), like the false prophets of the Old Testament.

  1. Verses 1-10. Why does Jesus call himself ‘the door of the sheep’?
    What are the privileges and blessings of those who enter in?
    How do the sheep recognize the true shepherd?
    What does he do to them? Do you know his voice?
  2. What are the marks of the good shepherd?
    Can you find in verses 11-18: 9a) proof that our Lord’s death was not a mere martyrdom, (b) the purpose of his life and death, and (c) An incentive to missionary work?
    Cf. Rev. 7:9, 10, 15-17.

 Notes.

  1. Verse 3. ‘Listen’: i.e., listen attentively to, and so obey.
  2. Jesus is both ‘door’ and ‘shepherd’. Others also are under-shepherds (Acts 20:28, 29; I Pet. 5:2-4) who must themselves first enter through the ‘door’.

John 9

  1. This is the sixth of the seven ‘signs’. To which aspect of Jesus’ work does it point?
    See verses 5, 39. In how many ways is the opening of this man’s eyes to be compared with the giving of spiritual sight?
    Does your personal experience of Jesus’ power give you the same assurance in answering his critics as this man had?
  2. Explain verses 39-41. Detail the ways in which the words and actions of the Pharisees in verses 13-34 illustrate this passage.

Note.

  1. Verse 14. The ‘work’ for which the Pharisees condemned Jesus as breaking the Sabbath was making clay, as well as healing. The later was allowed, but only in an emergency.

 

John 8:30-59

  1. The form of expression in Greek in verse 31 shows that ‘the Jews’ here did not commit themselves to Jesus as much as the ‘many’ in verse 30.
    What steps leading to full freedom are seen in verses 31-36?
    What is this freedom?
    In what sense did the Jews claim to be free?
    Are you truly free?
  2. This section is concerned with the real meaning of parentage.
    For what reasons did Jesus argue that these Jews were not truly the children of Abraham or of God, but of the devil?
    What evidence did Jesus give that he is God’s Son?
    Why were they not able to see this?

Notes.

  1. Verse 51. ‘He will never see death’: i.e., know the experience of that death which is God’s judgment on sin; cf. Gen. 2:17; John 5:24; 11:26.
  2. Verse 56. ‘My day’: Abraham in faith saw ahead to the day of Christ’s incarnation, and anticipated his saving work.
  3. Verse 58. ‘I am’: the divine name, as in Exod. 3:14.

 

John 7:53-8:29

  1. For the passage 7:53 – 8:11, see Introduction. It has perhaps been introduced here as an illustration of 8:15. What two different types of sinner can you see in the Pharisees and in the woman?
    Why did Jesus treat her so gently?
    Would his words to her bring conviction of her sin?
  2. In verses 13-29 what does Jesus say about his origin, his ultimate destination, his relation to the world, his relation to God?
  3. What was lacking in the Pharisees that prevented them from recognizing the truth of Jesus’ words? How can I see the light of truth?
    How does light lead to life?
    See verses 12, 24.

Notes

  1. 8:12. An allusion to the pillar of fire that guided the Israelites on their journey through the wilderness (see Num. 9:15-23), and which was commemorated during the Feast of Tabernacles by brilliant lightening of the temple.
  2. Verses 13, 14. There is no contradiction with 5:31.
    There Jesus says that if he had been the sole witness in his own cause, his witness would not have been true.
    But in both passages he goes on to point out that he is not alone in his witness. See verses 17, 18.

 

John 7:25-52

  1. What illustrations are found in these verses:
    (a) of the deep impression made by the Lord Jesus upon many; and yet
    (b) how their incipient faith was checked by ignorance (verses 27-29), or prejudice (verses 35, 36), or pride (verses 48-52)?
    Is one of these hindering me?
  2. The chief priests and the Pharisees by no means saw eye to eye in most matters, but they were united against Jesus.
    What action did they take at this time, and what prevented its success?
    It is often said, ‘No thinking person now believes that…’ What example of this attitude can you find in this passage?
  3. In what way is the promise of verses 37, 38 an advance on that of 4:13, 14?
    What differences does the Holy Spirit make to your life?
    Cf. Acts 1:8.

 Note:
V 39 – The Spirit was already present and active in the world, but the particular promise of Joel 2:28 was not fulfilled until the ascended and enthroned Christ gave the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost.
See Acts 2:16-18, 33.

John 7:1-24

Chapters 7:1 – 10:21 give an account of Jesus’ visit to Jerusalem at the Feast of Tabernacles six months before his Crucifixion.

The story vividly portrays the various attitudes towards Jesus among different groups. These groups fall into two main classes:
one, ‘the Jews’, who include the chief priests, Pharisees, rulers and ‘the people of Jerusalem’;
and the other, ‘the people’, that is, the general multitude from all parts, who were attending the feast.

The first of these two classes was, in the main, hostile to Jesus.
Notice & answer:

  1. How do the words of Jesus’ brothers in verses 3-8 show that they did not understand him?
  2. What did Jesus mean by ‘my time’?

    The world’s attitude to Jesus prevented him from showing himself to them, as other men might (verses 4, 7).

  3. Can you expect any different reception from the world (cf. 15:18-21)?
  4. Has verse 13 any reproach for you?
  5. Verse 17, 18. What two tests does our Lord suggest by which a man can discover whether Jesus’ teaching was true and of divine origin?
  6. What will it cost you to apply these tests?

 Notes:

  1. Verses 8, 10. Jesus did not lie. He meant that he was not going up to the feast just then, and at their direction.
  2. Verses 21-24. The law of Moses commanded circumcision on the eight day after birth (Gen 17:12; Lev 12:3), and it was the practice of the Jews to perform the rite on that day, even if it fell on the Sabbath. Jesus argued that to make a man’s whole body well on the Sabbath had even more justification than to circumcise him.