1Chronicles 23 & 24


Chapter 23, after telling of the assembly at which these matters were decided (verse 2), first gives

the division of the Levites according to their work (verses 3,4). and then their divisions according to families or houses, as descended respectively from the three sons of Levi- from Gershom (verses 7-11), from Kohath (verses 12-20) and from Merari (verses 21-23). The remainder of the chapter defines their duties. Chapter 24 speaks of those who served within the temple, distinguishing between the sons of Aaron, who were priests (verses 1-19), and the rest, who were attendants of the priests (verses 20-31). Together these made up the 24,000 of 23:4a.

  1. Compare the special duties of the priests (23:13- see Note below) with those of the other Levites who were not sons of Aaron.
    What part of the Levites’ former duties were now no longer necessary, and why (23:25-32)?
  2. Why has all this elaborate organization passed away?
    Cf. Heb. 7:11-25. What has taken its place? Cf. Heb. 8:1, 2; 1 pet.2:4, 5, 9; Rev.1:6.


Note. 23:13. ‘To consecrate…’: better, ‘to sanctify as most holy him and his sons for ever’, as in RV mg. The burning of incense implies also the sprinkling of the blood of the atonement. Cf. Exod. 30:10; Lev. 16:12-14.


1Chronicles 22:2-19

The thought of building a house for the Lord had been in David’s mind, but now the way for action was open. This passage tells of the abundance of what David prepared, his charge to Solomon, and his charge to the leaders of the tribes.

  1. What may we learn from David’s high conception of the kind of building that alone would be worthy (verse 5) and from the abundance of the preparations?
    Contrast the spirit of the people in Malachi’s day (Mal. 1:6-8).
    What can we also learn from David’s willing acceptance of God’s decision that not he, but Solomon, should build the temple?
  2. Study David’s charge to Solomon and the people. What did he lay down as the all-important secrets of success?
    What were the people to do before undertaking the task of building (verse 19)?
    Cf. Cor. 8:5.


1Chronicles 21:1-22:1

  1. What circumstances, do you imagine, may have left David particularly prone to temptation at this time?
    Why was the numbering of the people displeasing to God?
    Cf. Jer. 17:5. What evidence do you find of the genuineness of David’s repentance?
    Cf. 2 Cor. 7:11.
  2. What two proofs are there in this passage of God’s forgiving mercy?
    Observe how God turned the incident into blessing by using it to show David the site of the temple. Cf. 21:18; 22:1; 2Chr. 3:1.

1Chronicles 18-20

  1. What indication do you find in chapter 18 concerning:
    (a) David’s heart attitude towards God, and
    (b) the way in which he exercised authority as King?
    What in turn did God do for him?
    How may we enjoy similar God-given blessing?
  2. How do chapter 19 and 20 show what grave consequences may arise out of a misunderstanding and what retribution may result from an act of folly?
  3. What good qualities are seen in Joab in these chapters?
    How, then, did he come to the sad end described in 1 Kgs. 2:31, 32, 34.


1Chronicles 17

  1. From this chapter and other passages where Nathan is mentioned (2 sam.12:1-15, 25; 1 kgs. 1 passim; 4:5), work out what an important place he had in the lives of David and of Solomon.
    The revelation here made to him and through him to David is one of the chief Messianic prophecies in the Old Testament, and had a profound influence on the development of the Messianic hope. Cf., e.g., Ps. 89:26, 27; Luke 1:33; Heb. 1:5.
  2. In what sense did God deny David’s desire, in what way modify it, and in what way answer it above all that David asked or thought?
    Note especially verses 4, 10b,12a.
    Have you had any comparable experience of the Lord’s dealing in your own life?

1 Chronicles 16:7-43

  1. Verses 8-22, 34-36. What should be the response of God’s people in return for all His goodness? Make a list of all the things the psalm calls upon them to do.
    Note for what purpose Heman and Jeduthun were ‘chosen and designated by name’ (verses 41, 42).
  2. Verses 23-33. Here the psalmist looks beyond Israel, and summons all nations to worship the Lord. What reasons does he give why they ought to do so?
    Can you use this hymn of praise as a thankful acknowledgment of all that the Lord means to you?

1 Chronicles 15;1-16:6

  1. What reason does David assign for the failure of the first attempt to bring the ark to Jerusalem? Comparing chapter 15 with chapter 13, what was there common to both processions, and what peculiar to the second?
    What is the obvious lesson for us to learn?
  2. ‘Joyful songs’ (15:16; see also verses 25, 28, 29).
    What made David rejoice so greatly?
    What did the ark stand for in his eyes?
    What kind of activity should cause us similar joy?