- What other principles, in addition to that expressly stand in 7:2; appear in the choice of few out of many to be the instrument of God’s victory?
In answering, observe the character defects of those rejected in the two tests Cf. 1 Cor. 9:26, 27; 10:12.
- Consider the transformation in Gideon’s attitude from spiritless acquiescence in bondage (6:13, 15) to a complete assurance of victory (7:15).
Do you know such confident assurance in your battle against the forces of evil?
Cf. Rom. 8:37; 2 Cor. 2:14; 1 John 5:4, 5.
The Midianite oppression took the form of an annual invasion (for seven years, 6:1) of hordes of semi-nomads from Trans-Jordan.
This is the first indication of the use of the camel in warfare (6:5), which gave the Midianites an immense tactical superiority. The effect on Israel is described in verses 2, 4 and 6.
- When the people cried to the Lord, what was his first answer?
See verses 7-10, and cf. 2:1, 2; Ps. 81:8-11; Hos. 11:1-4, 7.
- Gideon was called to deliver Israel from the Midianties. But first he must make a stand for God in his own house (verses 25-32). Has this a bearing on your Christian service?
Cf. 2 Tim. 2:19, 21; Mark 5:18, 19; Acts 1:8.
- By what three visible signs did God strengthen Gideon’s father?
Consider what these signs would teach Gideon.
The story falls into four parts: (a) verse 1-5, an introduce hymn of praise; (b) verses 6-8, the situation before the deliverance; (c) verses 9-18, the rallying of the tribes and the rebuke of the irresolute; (d) verses 19-31, the victory, and the death of Sisera.
- Observe to what dire straits backsliding had reduced the tribes (verse 6-8; cf. 3:31; 1 Sam. 13:19, 22; 2 Kgs. 10:32,33; 13:3, 7). What parallel spiritual consequence is found in the life of the backsliding Christian?
- What qualities are praised in the story, and what kind of conduct is condemned? Is there a present-day application in our service for God? Cf. Luke 8:14; 9:62; Acts 15:26.
Note. Deborah clearly approved of Jael’s act, but did God approve? It was an act of treachery that abused all the accepted conventions of the age. It may be compared with Jacob’s deceit of his aged father (Gen. 27), yet in born incidents there was an element that could be approved – Jacob’s earnest desire for the blessing, and Jael’s zeal for her people against their oppressor. In the case of Jacob we know we know that he suffered severely for his treachery, although he received the blessing.
- Observe what the Lord did against Israel (verses 8 and 12), and what he did for Israel (verse 9 and 15).
What caused him to do the first, and what caused him to do the second?
What insight does this give into the principles of God’s dealings with his people?
Cf. Pss. 34:12-18; 103:8-14; 2 Chr. 7:13, 14.
- Compare and contrast Othniel and Ehud, both men that enabled God to use them? Cf. 2 Chr. 16:9.
- Backsliding, judgment, deliverance, renewed backsliding – trace this unvarying cycle in the history of the period, as summed up in this section. What sort of spiritual life corresponds to this in the life of the individuals?
Cf. Col. 3:5, 6; Rev. 3:1-3.
- What can we learn from 2:7, 10 and 3:6 concerning the importance of
(a) Christian example,
(b) Christian teaching of the young, and
(c) Christian marriage?
Cf. Matt. 5:13; Deut. 6:6, 7; Eph. 6:4; 1 Cor. 7:39 (last clause); 2 Cor. 6:14.
The many parallels between this chapter and the book of Joshua show that it is a valuable supplementary account of the conquest. It deals with events after the main victories had been gained, when the tribes had dispersed to attempt the occupation of their allocated territory. The opening words of the book, ‘After the death of Joshua’ do not necessarily relate to the events of the first chapter, but are a general title to the complete book of Judges.
- Judah began well. Why did they fail to complete their task? Ought their advance to have been checked by ‘chariots of Iron;? Cf. Deut. 20:1; Josh. 17:16-18; Judg. 4:13-15; Matt. 9:29; Heb. 11:33.
- Notice the general movement from south to north in chapter 1. Can you document a corresponding deterioration in the situation as the chapter progresses?
- What charge did the angel of the Lord bring against Israel? What were the consequences of their failure? What can we learn from this concerning the folly of compromise? Cf. Heb. 12:14-17; Rom. 6:16.
- Verses 1-13. To whom was Joshua speaking on this occasion?
On what conditions does the fulfilment in verses 5 depend?
- How is the faithfulness of God shown in this chapter?
Cf. the similar statements in 21:43-45 and 1 Sam. 7:12. Can you endorse these?