- What would the distinction between clean and unclean food teach Israel about God and his worship?
See verses 44, 45. Consider the great changes in their habits that the coming of God to dwell among them brought about. Cf. 1 Pet. 1:14-16; Eph. 4:22-24.
- How did our Lord show that such distinctions are not now binding?
What constitutes defilement in God’s sight?
Cf. mark 7:14-23.
The tabernacle and priests have been sanctified and dedicated; all was now ready for the normal work of the priesthood to begin.
- What was Aaron’s fore offering at the start of his ministry?
Thought pardoned, anointed and consecrated, he still needed mercy through atoning blood.
But when all was duly offered, how did God show his acceptance of his people’s worship?
With 9:22a, cf. Num. 6:22-27.
- What did Nadab and Abihu do?
What happened? Why did God act like this?
- 10:1. ‘Unauthorised fire’: this may mean fire nor taken from the alter, but the central thought is that it was fire which God had not authorized.
- 10:8-11. It has long been thought that Nadab and Abihu may have been indulging in wine; hence this prohibition.
- The significance of 10:16-20 seems to be that Aaron realized that Nadab and Abbihu had taken part in the offering of the sin offering and that this rendered it unacceptable and unclean. This is a touching story of Aaron’s full acceptance of God’s verdict on his own sons.
Cf. Exod. 29:44. The directions for the ceremony were given Exod. 28 and 29; this chapter gives the account of it.
- What is the order in which the dedication of priest and tabernacle took place?
Do you see any significance in this order?
- In the sacrifice of the ram of ordination (i.e., of dedication to special service), what special use was made of the blood?
What symbolic significance does this have?
Cf. Rom. 6:13.
Distinction must be made between public and private offerings. In addition to the private burnt offerings of the people, there was a daily, public burnt offering morning and evening. Cf. Exod. 29:38-42. It is this daily sacrifice that is referred to in 6:9, 12, with directions that the fire must not be allowed to go out on the altar.
- Neither the sacrifice nor the fire was to fail. What lessons can we learn from that?
Cf. Heb. 6:11, 12.
- 7:11-21. In the peace offering the people offered to God the spontaneous gifts of their love.
What were the three kinds of peace offering which individuals might bring?
What about us? Cf. Heb. 13:15, 16.
Note. A ‘wave offering’ (7:30) means an offering or part of an offering presented to the Lord by waving it towards him, before receiving it back from him.
- What is it that distinguishes the sin and guilt offerings from the burnt, meal and peace offering?
See 4:2, 13, 22, etc. Of what divine provision for our need are we assured here?
Cf. Lev. 17:11.
- Notice particularly what was done with the body and with the blood of the sacrifice in the sin offering (4:6, 7, 11, 12).
How do these solemn ordinances indicate God’s hatred of sin, and suggest some of the fearful results that can arise out of sin?
Note. The sin and guilt offerings have much in common, but the sin offering had reference rather to the person of the offender in his guilt towards God, whereas the guilt offering was an atonement for the offence especially in its relation to man. Hence the sin offering differed for different classes of persons (4:3, 13, 22, 27); and in the guilt offering the guilty party, in addition to his offering, had also to make amends for the wrong done (5:16; 6:4, 5).
- The cereal offering represents a blameless life. The purity of its ingredients is emphasized (see 2:1, 11).
The worshipper who is not blameless draws near to God with acceptance in the power of an offering possessing the perfection that he lacks. Consider how this offering is fulfilled in Christ. Cf. Heb. 7:26; 1 John 2:6.
- The peace offering speaks of communion, based on the blood of atonement (3:1, 2), and expressed in a whole burnt offering pleasing to the Lord (3:5).
Do you know the heart-satisfaction of such a relation to God?
God is now dwelling in the midst of his people, and gives them directions concerning their worship of him and their communication with him. Notice how throughout this book God is the speaker, through Moses.
- What are the two outstanding features of the burnt offering mentioned here?
See e.g., verses 3, 9, 10, 13.
- What significance would the burnt offering have for the person making the offering?
See e.g., verses 4, 9, 13, 17.