This passage presents the problem of unbelief in face of manifest evidence of God’s power and presence.
- Both quotations from Isaiah in verses 38-40 speak of Christ, the Latter because Christ’s glory is included in the vision of God’s glory in Isaiah 6. Who has and who has not ‘believed our report’? Why has God blinded their eyes, etc.?
Does this apply today to:
(a) Jews, and
Why do you believe?
- The seriousness of rejecting Jesus is the subject of verses 44-50, in which John summarizes the teaching of Jesus on this matter.
Why is it so serious to reject Jesus?
See verses 45, 46, 50, and compare Prov. 1:20-33.
Why will Jesus’ word be the judge (verse 48)?
- Verse 42. ‘Put out of the synagogue’: cf. 9:22. This was a very severe punishment, involving separation from public worship and from social intercourse.
- Verse 45. ‘Sees’: here is the concept of careful observation leading to spiritual insight.
The Greeks who inquired for Jesus were a token of the world of people beyond Israel who would be saved through Jesus’ atoning death and resurrection (cf. 10:16; 12:32). Their coming therefore introduces the consummation of Jesus’ work; see verse 23.
- Give examples of the ways in which you can love your life, or hate it.
To whom does Jesus primarily refer in verse 24?
In view of this, what is involved in following him (verse 26)?
- In what .sense did the coming ‘hour’ (verse 23) bring about the glorifying of the Son of man and the Father (verse 28)?
How did his being lifted up involve the judgment of this world (verses 31-34)?
3. Verses 35, 36 give Jesus’ last appeal to the nation. What is meant by walking and believing in the light? Are you doing this?
- What is the special significance of this seventh ‘sign’?
How is it related to the events that Jesus was shortly to experience as the climax of his work?
In what way was the glory of God revealed?
- Why did Jesus pray aloud before calling Lazarus from the tomb?
What does this teach about the means by which his miracles were accomplished?
Cf. John 5:19, 20; 14:10.
Verses 33-38. The word ‘weep’ in verse 33 is the wailing of mourners; that in verse 35 implies silent tears of sympathy.
The rendering of verse 33, ‘he was deeply moved in spirit’, does not give the full force of the Greek, for which Prof. Tasker suggests, ‘He was enraged in spirit and troubled himself’ (TNTC, p. 140). His anger was roused against the evil powers of death, which caused such distress to mankind, and which he was about to conquer, here by a mighty display of divine power, and fully on the cross by his own death and resurrection.
The seventh ‘sign’.
- Compare verse 4 with 9:3. Explain the apparent contradiction both in verse 4 and also in verses 5, 6. See verses 14, 15.
Can you see why God sometimes seems to delay answering your prayer?
- What direction and assurance do verses 9, 10 give for the conduct of your life?
Cf. 9:4, 5.
- In verses 21, 22, 24, Martha makes three correct but limited statements.
In respect to each of them Jesus’ answer in verses 25, 26 reveals that he has within himself infinitely greater powers than she knew. What are they?
Verse 26. ‘He who believes in me will live’: for the believer death is no longer death. It introduces him into a new state of life. See Note on John 8:51.
Compare Jer. 23:1-4. By their attitude to the blind man of chapter 9 the Pharisees, who claimed to be the spiritual guides of Israel as the people of God, has shown themselves to be ‘thieves and robbers’ (verses 1, 8), like the false prophets of the Old Testament.
- Verses 1-10. Why does Jesus call himself ‘the door of the sheep’?
What are the privileges and blessings of those who enter in?
How do the sheep recognize the true shepherd?
What does he do to them? Do you know his voice?
- What are the marks of the good shepherd?
Can you find in verses 11-18: 9a) proof that our Lord’s death was not a mere martyrdom, (b) the purpose of his life and death, and (c) An incentive to missionary work?
Cf. Rev. 7:9, 10, 15-17.
- Verse 3. ‘Listen’: i.e., listen attentively to, and so obey.
- Jesus is both ‘door’ and ‘shepherd’. Others also are under-shepherds (Acts 20:28, 29; I Pet. 5:2-4) who must themselves first enter through the ‘door’.