Micah 3:1-4:7

  1. The nation’s rulers, prophets and priests come under scathing denunciation.
    And with what result (see ‘Then’, 3:4, ‘Therefore’, 3:6 and 12)?
    The priests remembered God’s promises (3:11; cf. Ps. 132:13, 14) but not his stipulations (cf. Ps. 132:12).
    Can our confidence be similarly false?
  2. Notice especially the contrast between the true prophet (3:8; cf. 2:7) and the false (3:5, 11; cf. 2:6, 11).
    How can we recognize ‘the Spirit of the Lord’?
  3. 4:1-7. A new kingdom of peace (4:3, 4) and wholeness (4:6, 7) is to be established.
    What will characterize the King, and what his subjects?


  1. 3:1. ‘Know’ here means ‘care for’; the verb is used in this pregnant sense in, e.g., 6:5; Ps. 144:3 (AV); Prov. 12:10; Hos. 8:4.
  2. 3:2, 3. God’s ideal (Amos 5:15) had been turned on its head. The judiciary, like ravenous wild beasts, was preying on the people.
  3. 3:7. ‘Cover their faces’: a sign of shame (Lev. 13:45) or mourning (Ezek. 24:17).
  4. 3:10. Jerusalem was being adorned with fine buildings at the cost of the lives of the people.
  5. Chapter 4. Zion will be the pre-eminent place of God’s revelation (verse 2) and his rule (verses 3, 7).
  6. 4:5. A parenthesis: at present they do not all give their allegiance to the Lord; this is yet to come, in that day’ (4:6).