Jonah 3 & 4

  1. God is unchangeably consistent in his attitude to men.
    What moral action is necessary to avoid judgment and find mercy?
    Cf. Joel 2:12-14; Acts 10:34, 35.
    How did Jesus command the Ninevites’ action?
    Cf. Matt. 12:41.
  2. Jonah the patriot almost hides Jonah the prophet.
    How do chapter 4:2b, 4, 10, 11 rebuke his attitude?
    Contrast the attitude of Jonah that of Jesus the Jew.
    Cf. Matt. 23:37, 38; Mark 10:45.
  3. What aspects of character of God stand out in this short book?


  1. 3:3. ‘A very important city’: the administrative district of Nineveh, which could be referred to here (as distance from the city alone), was 30-60 miles across.
  2. 4:6. ‘A vine’: a fast growing trailing or climbing plant with broad leaves.
  3. 4:9-11. Jonah (for selfish reasons) pities the insignificant plant for which he was not responsible. Should not God much more (and unselfishly) have pity on the poor ignorant inhabitants with their cattle in the evil city of Nineveh?