The chapter gives a symbolic picture of the birth of Christ, and of his return to the throne of God, but its main purpose is to show the power and malignity of Satan as the enemy of Christ and his people.
- Gather out what is said about Christ. Cf. Ps. 2:6-9; Luke 10:13; John 12:31; Eph. 1:19-21. What is the significance of verse 10? Cf. Rom. 8:33, 34.
- Why, according to this chapter, is the lot of the church on earth one of constant conflict? Cf. Eph. 6:10-13; 1 Pet. 5:8. How is the fearful power of Satan depicted? How do or may we share in Christ’s victory over him?
- Verses 1, 2, 4-6, 13-17. The woman represents the true Israel, which, after Christ’s ascension, forms the Christian church. For the imagery, see Gen. 37:9; Song 6:4, 10; Is. 66:7-10.
- Verses 3, 4a. ‘Red’: the colour of blood. Cf. John 8:44. The seven heads and crowns indicate far-reaching dominion, the ten horns, great power, and the tail, his vast size and strength. Note verse 9; and cf. Gen. 3:15.
- Verses 6, 14-16. The exact meaning of the symbolism is obscure, but the general sense is clear, that the church is under God’s protection and, although Satan will seek to destroy her, his plans will be thwarted.