Revelation 2:1-7

The seven letters of chapters 2 and 3 are all similar in structure, beginning with titles descriptive of Christ, which have already occurred in the vision in 1:9-20, then giving Christ’s message to the church, and closing with a summons to hear and a promise to ‘him who overcomes’. In the last four letters the promise precedes the summons.

  1. State in your own words what Christ found to commend in the church at Ephesus (verses 2, 3, 6).
  2. What was the proof that their love had declined? How could this condition be remedied? What further danger might otherwise occur? How should we take such a warning to heart?
  3. Verse 7a. Note the present tense ‘says’, and the combination of individual appeal and universal application. How does Christ still speak through these scriptures, and to whom? Cf. Mark 4:9, 23; 8:18. How can we have an ear that hears?


  1. Verse 6. ‘Nicolaitans’: and see also verses 14, 15: ‘Nicholaos’ may be meant as a Greek equivalent of ‘Balaam’, intended to describe a person who destroys the people of God, as Balaam did through the introduction of idolatrous and immoral practices. Cf. 2 Pet. 2:15, 16.
  2. Verse 7. ‘The tree of life’: in contrast to the corrupt fruits of idolatrous and sensual self-indulgence. Cf. 22:2.