John 18:28-19:16

The trial before Pilate.

  1. Trace through this passage the attempts made by Pilate to spare Jesus from death, and the steps taken by the Jews to counter his efforts.
    The full charge brought against Jesus is given in Luke 23:2.
    (Note the Jews’ use of both religious and political threats to overcome Pilate’s resistance; see 19:7, 12.)
    What features of the character of Pilate and of the Jews are revealed here?
    Could we be guilty of similar injustice?
  2. ‘The king of Jews.’ Note how this title forms the central interest from 18:33 to 19:22.
    What is the real nature of Jesus’ kingship?
    How does it differ from the world’s?
    How is Jesus’ royal dignity shown here?
    How does the use of the title reveal the sin of the Jews, and the glory of Jesus’ sacrifice?


  1. 18:28. ‘Palace of the Roman governor’ (‘praetorium’): the headquarters of the Roman governor.
  2. 18:31b. The Romans did not allow the Jews to inflict capital punishment. Hence Pilate’s words in 19:6 imply that there was no ground in Roman law for Jesus’ death. However, he spoke a deeper truth than he realized.