1 Samuel 2:12-36

  1. What aspects of the sins of Eli’s sons were specially grievous in God’s sight
  2. How did Eli fail?
    Cf. Prov. 29:17; Matt. 10:37. Over against 2:31 and 3:14 set 2:35.
    What can we learn from all this concerning the ways of God? Cf. 16:1.


  1. Verses 12-17. The misappropriation of Eli’s sons (‘the men’ of verse 17) was twofold. They took what they wanted rather than what was offered them; and they insisted on receiving their raw portion, before the Lord’s portion – the fat (Lev. 3:3-5) – was burned on the alter.
  2. Verses 18, 28. The ‘ephod’ was an item of priestly dress or equipment.
  3. Verse 25. The tense shows that Eli’s sons habitually did not listen to their father. Notice that it was the Lord’s will to slay them for disobedience, but not the Lord’s will that they should be disobedient.
  4. Verse 30. ‘Minister before me for ever’: a phrase describing the enjoyment of God’s favour. Cf. verse 35.