Luke 21:5 -38

In this chapter two themes seem to be intertwined; the coming destruction of Jerusalem and its temple (which happened in AD 70), and the second coming of the Lord. It is not always clear which is in view, but in verses 5-24 the reference is probably to AD 70 throughout.

If detailed predictions are first given about AD 70 in verses 5-24 and about our Lord’s second coming in verses 25-28, it seems probable that in a concluding summary our Lord first referred again to AD 70 in verses 29-32, and then to the end of the age and final day of the Lord in verses 33-36.

  1. Jesus speaks of the destruction of Jerusalem as ‘days of vengeance’ (verses 22); what then was its cause?
    Cf. 11:49-51; 13:34, 35; 19:41-44.
  2. What dangers and problems will confront the disciples?
    How are they to be ready to meet them?
    Cf. Matt. 10:22; John 15:18-21; Rev. 12:11.
  3. Contrast the attitude of Christians with that of other men in times of crisis and judgment. What is it that makes all the difference?
  4. In the light of our expectation of our Lord’s return, how ought we to live? What will enable us to stand firm?

Luke 20:27-21:4

  1. 20:27-40. The Sadducees repudiated the doctrine of a life after death, both because of the practical difficulties it involved, and because it was not taught in the Five Books of Moses, which they regarded as the only authority.
    How did Jesus meet their objections on both grounds?
    Cf. Mark 12:24.
  2. 21:1-4. What does God look for in those who mark gifts for his work?
    Cf. 2 cor. 8:12.
    Contrast these verses with 20:46, 47.
  3. 20:41-44. ‘Son of David’ as a title for the Messiah carried the implication of a national, political deliverer.
    What does Jesus teach here about the true status of the Messiah, and about the character of his reign?