Judges 19-21 belong to the period shortly after Joshua’s death. Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron, was still alive (20:28); there is no hint of foreign oppression; the league of tribes was still functioning.
- What does this chapter teach us of the obligations of hospitality?
Are there any indications of pitfalls to be avoided?
Cf. Heb. 13:1, 2.
- There are many illustrations of evil in this chapter.
Mark a list of the chief sins shown here, and observe how the wickedness of the men of Gibeah brought destruction on almost their whole tribe.
Understanding the plot of 19-21
(Daniel Block- NAC commentary)
“It is possible to get a picture of the significance of the individual episodes by reading the story backward, paying particular attention to the links between cause and effect within and across the episodes.”
1) 200 Benjamite men capture 200 female dancers at Shiloh and take them as their wives because the elders of Israel gave them permission to do so (21:23-24).
2) The elders gave permission because Jabesh-Gilead could not provide enough wives for the 600 remaining men of Benjamin (21:13-22).
3) The Israelites went to Jabesh- Gilead to provide wives for they felt sorry for the Benjamites(21:1-7).
4) The Israelites felt sorry because of the fierce battles (20:14-48).
5) The Israelites engaged in battle because the Benjamites protected the Gibeahnites (20:12-13).
6) The Israelite demand was because of their conduct against the Levite and the Levites act on the death of his concubine (20:4-11; 19:29-20:3).
7) The Levite’s action was based on the evil that took place on account of the wicked men of Gibeah (19:22-29).
8) The Levite’s disposition was on account of the purposeful delay by the concubines Father (19:10-21).
9) The whole situation arose because a Levite’s concubine left him because she was mistreated by him (19:2-11) [NIV unfaithful (v2): can be read as angry]
10) She was angry with him because … everyone was doing what was good in his own eyes (21:25).
** Moral failure among God’s people lead to societal corruption and degradation of God’s people.