The Midianite oppression took the form of an annual invasion (for seven years, 6:1) of hordes of semi-nomads from Trans-Jordan.
This is the first indication of the use of the camel in warfare (6:5), which gave the Midianites an immense tactical superiority. The effect on Israel is described in verses 2, 4 and 6.
- When the people cried to the Lord, what was his first answer?
See verses 7-10, and cf. 2:1, 2; Ps. 81:8-11; Hos. 11:1-4, 7.
- Gideon was called to deliver Israel from the Midianties. But first he must make a stand for God in his own house (verses 25-32). Has this a bearing on your Christian service?
Cf. 2 Tim. 2:19, 21; Mark 5:18, 19; Acts 1:8.
- By what three visible signs did God strengthen Gideon’s father?
Consider what these signs would teach Gideon.