- Vv 1-12. [The Parable of the Tenants]
How does this parable clarify Christ’s unique position in relation both to God and to the prophets?
What does it teach us:
(a) about the character of the motives that lay behind his final rejection, and
(b) about his own expectation of vindication and victory?
- Vv 13-17. [Paying Taxes to Caesar]
How does this incident reveal both the wisdom of Christ and the insincerity of his questioners?
What important truth was Jesus trying to convey to his questioners?
What important truth is Jesus conveying to us? (Cf. Rom. 13:1-2, 6-7)
- Vv 18-27. [The Reurrection life]
The Sadducees were obviously attempting to make spiritual truth look ridiculous by interpreting it with the grossest of literalness.
How does Christ show them their mistake?
On what grounds does he base the certainty of the resurrection?
Vv 1-12. Since the Lord was obviously using Isaiah 5:1-7 as an Old Testament backcloth for this parable, his hearers would know that he was referring to Israel, and that this was yet another parable of judgment.
See Mark [TNTC], pp. 258-261.
- Verses 20-25. What does Jesus here are the essential conditions of effective prayer?
What more does prayer involve apart from just asking for pleasant things we desire?
Cf. Mark 14:35, 36.
- Why did Jesus refuse to answer the question put to him by the Jewish leaders?
What was the point of his question to them?
Was he trying to be evasive?
What was the root of the trouble, and how is this a warning to us?
Cf. Heb. 3:12.
Note. Verse 25. ‘Unless we forgive our fellow freely, it shows that we have no consciousness of the grace that we ourselves have received, and so it shows that we are expecting to be heard on our own merits’ (see Mark [TNTC], p. 256).
- What truths concerning our Lord’s person are specially evident in the incidents described here?
Jesus had previously refrained from publicly declaring his Messiahship.
See 3:11, 12; 8:30; 9:9.
Why then did he declare it now?
- Verses 1-6. When the two disciples were sent out by the Lord on this special errand, in what were they put to test, and how would they benefit from the experience?
DO we display the same faith and boldness in our service for Christ?
- In what way does the fig tree described here typify Israel as a nation?
What was Jesus seeking to teach his disciples from this acted parable?
Before passing judgment, ought we not first to search our own hearts?
Cf. Rom.11:20, 21.
Note. Verse 13. ‘It was not the season for figs’. It is fair to presume that the Lord was looking for the small early ripe figs that ripen with the leaves before the main crop.