Deuteronomy 18 & 19

In chapter 18 the office of priest and prophet are included in the civil law since, Israel being a theocracy, these men were part of the government.

Chapter 19 begins the section of laws governing social life, which are the detailed application of the last six commandments.

  1. What were the special ministries of priests and prophets?
    >) Observe in chapter 18 how both alike were God’s provision for his people’s needs. Of what kind of person in heathen religion did the prophets in Israel take the place?

    >) How can we still distinguish between true and false prophets? (Cf. Is. 8:19, 20; 2 Pet. 1:119; 2:12.)

  2. In whom was the prophecy of 18:18, 19 fulfilled?
    See Acts 3:22, 23; 7:37. Do we listen to him as we should? (Cf. Mark 9:7.)
  3. In what way do the regulations concerning cities of refuge protect against injustice and at the same time enforce just penalty? ( See future Num. 35.)
  4. How do the regulations of chapter 19 week to apply the spirit as well as the letter of the sixth (verses 1-4), eight (verse 14) and ninth (verses 15-21) commandments respectively?

Note. 19:14. This law is intended to guard the inheritance of the poor against the greed of wealthy neighbours. (Cf. 27:17; Prov. 23:10, 11.)