Leviticus 18

In chapters 18-20 we pass from the worship of the people to their behaviour.
Chapter 18 prohibits unlawful marriage, unchastity, and Molech worship; but the last is dealt with more fully in 20:2-5.

  1. What reasons are given for Israel’s obedience to these laws and how important is this obedience?
    See verses 1-5 and 24-30.
  2. What light is thrown by this chapter on God’s command for the extermination of the Canaanites?
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Leviticus 17

There are two main instructions in this portion: first, that all domestic animals which are to be killed shall be brought to the tabernacle (verses 3-9); and second, that no blood must be eaten (verses 10-16). The former of these instructions points to a time when animals were not killed except in connection with worship of some kind.

  1. What would this first instruction (verses 3-9) teach Israel about God?
    Where is it suggested in these verses that this instruction is directed against idolatrous worship?
  2. Why was the eating of blood so strictly forbidden?
    See verse 11 in particular.
    What is the significance of this for us?

Leviticus 16

  1. Sketch out the order of the ceremonies of the Day of Atonement.
  2. What do you learn from this chapter about:
    (a) the conditions of approach into God’s presence;
    (b) the complete removal of sin’s guilt through substitution;
    (c) the necessity on man’s part of submission in penitence and faith to God’s way of salvation?

Note. Verses 8, 10, 26. ‘Scapegoat’ in Hebrew (azazel) means ‘destruction’.

Numbers 20

  1. Notice Moses’ and Aaron’s reaction to the people’s discontent (verse 6).
    What did God desire to achieve through this incident?
    See verses 6, 8, 12.
    How did Moses and Aaron fail, and in what terms is their failure described?
    See verses 10, 12, 24; cf. 27:14; Deut. 32:51.
  2. God’s anger with Moses and Aaron may at first seem to us out of proportion to the extent of their failure. What ought we to learn from this?
    What ought we also to learn from the fact that ‘rash words’ (Ps. 106:33) came from ‘humble’ (12:3)Moses’ lips?

Leviticus 14:33-15:33

  1. How does this portion show that sin, wherever found and in whatever from, is defiling in God’s sight, and prevents acceptance before him?
  2. Chapter15 is usually taken to represent the defilement of secret sin.
    Notice:
    (a) how it pollutes the whole life and all around it, and
    (b) that this kind of defilement requires atonement just as much as other forms of sin. Cf. Pss. 19:12; 51:6-9.

Leviticus 13:47-14:32

  1. If leprosy is an illustration of sin, what is the general teaching of 13:47-59 regarding sin-contaminated habits and practices?
  2. What is the significance of the fact that the leper had to be healed before he was cleansed from the defilement of his leprosy?
    Cf. john 3:3; Gal. 6:15.

Leviticus 12:1-13:46

  1. Did the mere face of being born a Jew give a child a place in the covenant?
    See 12:3, Note 1 below, and Deut. 10:15, 16; 30; 6. How do the principles illustrated here apply today?
  2. From chapter 13 trace some of the parallels that exist between the plague of leprosy and the plague of sin.

Notes

  1. 12:3. Circumcision had a twofold significance, namely, identification with God’s covenant people, and purification from unfitness for such a role.
  2. 12:8. Cf. Luke 2:22-24.