Exodus 28

  1. For the order in which the priest’s garments were put on, see Lev. 8:7-9. Each has some significance: the coat of pure linen (verse 39) indicating the high priest as a righteous man; the blue robe (verses 31-35) as a heavenly man; the ephod with the names of the tribes (verses 3-29) as a representative man; the mitre with its golden plate (verses 36-38) as a holy man. Reflect how in all these ways the high priest of Israel in his priestly garments was a type of Christ.
  2. What can we learn from this chapter concerning the way in which to draw near to God on behalf of others? How must we be clad, and what ought we to be concerned to do?


  1. The ephod was a shoulder garment, covering breast and back.
  2. The breastpiece was probably a bag or pouch fastened to the front of the ephod, and called ‘the breastpiece of judgment’ because it contained the Urim and Thummim, which were used to ascertain the divine will. Cf. Num. 27:21; Ezr. 2:63. Their exact from and use is not now known.
  3. Aaron bore the names of the tribes on his shoulders (the place of strength) and on his heart (the place of affection).