- Chapter 26. What four layers of curtains covered the tabernacle? What appearance would It have from without, and what from within?
Cf. the contrast between Christ seen from without (Is. 53:2), and seen from within (Phil. 3:8)
Note. It will prove helpful to draw a ground plan of the tabernacle so far as it has been described in these two chapters, with the court, the holy place, and the most holy place, and the altar, table of showbread, candlestick and ark in their proper positions.
- What was the twofold purpose of the tabernacle?
See verses 8, 22 in particular.
- Notice the three articles of furniture described in this chapter, but observe specially the ark and what is said of it in verses 20, 22. What is the significance of the fact that only above the mercy seat could God and man meet and commune together? Cf. 1 John 2:1, 2.
Note. Verses 17-22. The ‘atonement cover’ (or mercy seat or propitiatory covering) was a slab of pure gold, with cherubim at either end. This acted as a lid on the ark, covering the tables of testimony inside. On it the high priest sprinkled blood to make atonement. Cf. Lev. 16:15, 16.
The laws in 21:33-22:15 relate mainly to questions of property, and the remainder of the portion contains miscellaneous precepts.
- What instances of careless neglect, leading to injury or loss for others, are given in 21:33-22:15?
And what does God demand of the offender in such cases?
Can you think of modern parallels to the careless described here?
- Out from 22:16-23:19 illustrations of the truth of the claims God makes here concerning himself.
For these claims see 22:27; 23:7.
Against what sin does he say that his wrath will wax hot?
Note. Some of these laws are similar to those found in the famous code of. Hammurabi, but the provisions are much more merciful. (Cf. NBD, pp.442-3.) Notice in 22:31 the reference to being ‘consecrated’ to God. Cf. Lev. 11:44, 45
The laws in this portion concern relations between people, particularly those between slaves and masters. While slavery is tolerated, its severity is mitigated in various ways.
- What are the principles underlying the laws about persons?
In particular, what kind of relationship between slave and master is contemplated in verses 2-6?
Cf. also Deut. 15:12-18; Jer. 34:12-17.
- For what a kind of transgression was the death penalty inflicted?
See also 22:18-20; 31:15.
Why is this?
Cf. Mark 9:43-48.