- Chapter 8 is full of triumphant joy. How, then, can Paul speak of having great sorrow and unceasing pain in his heart? See especially 9:3.
What made him sorrowful?
How much of this Christian joy and how much or this Christian sorrow do we ourselves know?
- Verses 9-13. The question with which Paul is dealing here is: ‘If God rejects those Jews who reject Jesus as Messiah, has not his word come to nought?
For were not the promise (verse 4) made to the Jews?’
How does Paul answer this question?
And what two principles of God’s election does he find in the Old Testament stories of the births of:
(a) Isaac and
(b) Jacob and Esau?
- How does Paul show that in this election of men God retains absolute liberty of action:
- What is the purpose of God’s election, and how do the scriptures which Paul quotes illuminate that purpose? How does this truth concern me?
In chapters 9-11 Paul deals with the great problem of the rejection of their Messiah by the bulk of the Jewish nation, and God’s consequent rejection of them. Two questions arise:
(a) ‘Has God broken his promises?’ and
(b) ‘If not, how are they to be fulfilled?’ Paul answers the first question in chapter 9 and 10, and the second in chapter 11.
(c). without compromising his own righteousness, and
(d). without giving man any just ground for complaint? See verses 14-22. At the same time, observe how Paul lays emphasis on God’s mercy. See verses 15, 16, 23-26