The new era will be different from what has gone before, because of a change of shepherd, i.e., ruler.
- What, according to verses 1-10, was the inherent vice of the rulers of the past, which brought disaster upon the nation?
Contrast their methods (verses 4-6) with those of God (verses 11-16). Cf. 1 Pet. 5:1-4.
- What blessings are declared in verses 23-31 as following of the coming of the Messiah?
Interpreting them spiritually, what can we lean from these verses concerning God’s gifts to us in Christ?
Cf. Ps. 23; Heb. 13:20, 21.