These chapters contain three more prophecies concerning Egypt. In chapter 31, Egypt is likened to a mighty cedar, whose fall causes the other trees to mourn. In 32:7, 8 Egypt is likened to a brighter star. The imagery is very vivid, depicting the utter destruction of Pharaoh and his armies into Sheol, and sees them there among others also slain by sword who bear the shame of their lack of proper burial.
- How does chapter 31 further enforce the lesson of chapter 30?
What is the reason given for the tree’s destruction, and what effect is this intended to have on other nations?
- Observe how often in these chapters the personal pronoun ‘I’ occurs. Do we realize enough that God is the chief actor in the developments of history?
Over what realms, i8n addition to that of Israel, is his dominion asserted here?
32:17-32. This is not to be regarded as a literal description of the state of men after death, but as an imaginative picture intended to show that all who use violence and lawless might, causing terror on the earth (cf. verses 23ff.), shall alike meet with retribution. Pharaoh’s only consolation will be in the multitude of his companions (verse 31).