The prophet’s gaze is now directed towards Egypt, pictured in 29:1-16 as a great dragon or crocodile, whose destruction is at hand. The remainder of today’s portion consists of three further prophecies of similar import, namely 29:17-20, 30:1-19 and 30:20-26.
- Compare the explanation of the allegory in 29:8-12 with the allegory itself in 29:3-7.
What are the two sins in particular that caused God’s judgment to fall on Egypt?
With 29:7, cf. verse 16 and Is. 30:5.
- 29:17-21. This is a prophecy dated sixteen years after that of verses 1-16, i.e., in 571 BC. It appears to indicate that Nebuchadnezzar had not gained the spoils of war at Tyre as he expected, and is now promised recompense from the conquest of Egypt.
What light does this passage throw on the way in which God treats heathen nations?
- ‘Her proud strength will fail’ (30:6; cf. 30:18). Why cannot anyone ultimately prosper who trusts, as Pharaoh did, in his own resources and achievements?
Cf. Job 9:4; Luke 1:51.
- 29:14, 15. Egypt is not to be finally destroyed, like Tyre (26:21; 27:36; 28:19), but reduced in status.
- 28:18. A reference to the chafing of helmets and the carrying of packs.