This section is a review of Israel’s history (verses 5-31), with a prophecy of what God will yet do (verses 32-44). The review of history covers:
(a) the time in Egypt (verses 5-9);
(b) in the wilderness (verses 10-17 and 18-26); and
(c) in the land of Canaan (verses 27-31).
With verses 1-3, cf. 14:1, 2.
- Analyse the repeated poetical pattern found in verses 5-9, 10-14, 15-17, 18-22. What restrained God from pouring out his wrath? What does this reveal of God’s character?
How does it show what is the one and only guarantee of our salvation? Cf. 1 Sam. 12:22.
- To what two conclusions does God say he will ultimately bring his people Israel (verses 42-44)?
Has a similar conviction been brought about in us?
- Verse 25 is a Hebrew way of saying, ‘I gave them good statutes but they had a bad effect; I thereby condemned those who were disobedient and I defiled those who performed human sacrifices.’ Cf. Rom. 5:20.
- Verse 37. ‘Pass under my rod’: the eastern shepherd makes his sheep pass one by one under his staff, held horizontally, to count and examine them.