- David knows the Lord as his shepherd. In Ps. 23 note the effect this has on his thoughts about his present and his future. Has your knowledge of the Lord had this effect for you?
- From Ps. 24 what do we learn of the Lord? What is required, therefore, of those who worship him?
Note. Ps. 24 was probably written for the occasion when David brought the ark of God to Jerusalem. See 2 Sam.6.
- Trace in these verse the happy results of the sufferings described in verses 1-21. Note:
(a) how far-reaching is their effect, and
(b) to whom they mean most.
- List those things that are stated will be the reaction of people to the deliverance of the sufferer, and see how far this is true of your own reaction to the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Note. Verse 22. This is applied to Christ in Heb. 2:12.
- Note the things that seem to make the suffering described here the harder to bear.
How closely does this psalm picture the sufferings of Christ?
Cf. Matt. 27:35-46; John 19:23, 24.
- In these sufferings, upon what does the faith of this man anchor itself?
These two psalms are closely linked together. In Ps. 20 a battle is about to take place between the king of Israel at the head of his people and his foes. Sacrifices have been offered, and the king and his people commit their cause in faith to God. In Ps. 21 the battel is won, and the people give thanks to God for their king and look forward to further victories.
- What does Ps.20 reveal is the attitude of the king and his people as they set out against their foes?
On what is the confidence of verse 6 based?
Is this sort of confidence characteristic of God’s people today?
- 21 falls into two parts, verses 1-7 and 8-12, with a concluding prayer.
To whom is the first part addressed, and to whom the second?
In what ways does what is said of the king find its fulfilment in Christ?
- God has revealed himself in his creation. What do the things the psalmist mentions in verses 1-6 tell us about God? Cf. Matt. 5:45; Rom. 1:19-21.
- Contrast this with the revelation given in ‘the law of the Lord’ (verses 7-11).
Note how great is the advance, both in clearness and in fullness of effect.
Note in particular its effect on the psalmist (verses 12-14). Is your study of God’s word producing similar results in your experience?
Note. Verse 4. ‘Their voice’: the Hebrew says ‘line’, i.e., their ‘measuring line’. Cf. Jer. 31:39.The boundary or extent of their message is earth’s farthest limit.
- Make a list of all that God did for David as set forth in these verses.
What corresponding help can we expect from him in spiritual service?
Cf. 1 Cor. 15:10; Eph. 1:19.
- Verse 49 is in Rom. 15:9 referring to Christ.
Does this mean that the whole psalm can be taken as being in some way prophetic of Christ?
If so, to what does it drew attention?
- David begins by expressing his love for the Lord (verses 1-3).
(a) God was to him a rock, fortress, shield and stronghold. What are the equivalent defences and securities in which men or you trust in today?
(b) Is God to you all that these can give, and more? Cf. Hab. 3:17, 18; Heb. 13;5, 6.
(c) Can you think of other verses that remind you of why your confidence in the saviour?
- From David’s testimony concerning God’s answer to his prayer, what can we learn as to:
(a) God’s power to help,
(b) The sort of person God will help, and
(c) The reasons why this will be forthcoming?
- Verses 9-16 are probably not intended to be taken literally, but as a poetic description in vivid imagery of the strength and majesty with which God came to David’s aid.
- Verse 29a. A possible allusion here to 1 Sam. 30:8; and in verse 29b to 2 Sam. 5:6, 7.