Jeremiah 34

Two incidents that occurred during the siege of Jerusalem at the end of Zedekiah’s reign.

  1. Nebuchadnezzar doubtless thought that he, with his numerous and powerful forces (verse 1), was master of the situation.
    But who is revealed here as the forces (verse 1), was master of the situation.
    But who is revealed here as the controlling, deciding the fate of cities and kings?
    Cf. Is. 40:15, 17, 21-24; Luke 3:1, 2.
  2. Why was the failure to go through with the freeing of the slaves so severely condemned?
    Cf. Eccles. 5:4, 5; Matt. 7:21; 21:28-31a; Luke 9:62. With verse 17, cf. 22:16. Do I owe some promised obedience that has not yet been performed?

Notes

  1. Verses 2-5. Cf. 32:3-5; 52:11.
  2. Verse 14. Cf. Deut. 15:12-15.
  3. Verse 17. ‘Freedom’ to fall by the sword’: i.e., freedom to be destroyed by conquest.
  4. Verses 18, 19. The ceremony of the covenant of repentance (verse 15) included the participants’ passing between the parts of a calf that had been cut in two (cf. Gen. 15:7-18). By such ritual they asked to be put to death in a similar violent manner, if they failed to keep their promise. See verse 20.
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