- Verses 31-34. If Israel has broken the covenant between herself and the Lord, how can there be any future blessing for her?
What is God’s answer to this question?
Note the four occurrences of ‘says the Lord’, and the repeated use of ‘I’. Cf. John 15:5c.
- What four features of the new covenant are set forth in 31:33, 34? With verse 33, cf. Exod. 31:18; 2 Cor. 3:6; and with verse 34 contrasts Exod. 20:19. See Heb. 8:3-13 and 10:14-22 for the fulfillment in Christ.
- Verses 35-40. How do these verses show the certainty and completeness of the restoration?
See Note on verses 39, 40. Cf. 33:20-22.
- Verse 28. Cf. 1:10-12.
- Verses 29, 30. It appears likely that among the exiles, the proverb of verse 29was being quoted as if they, the innocent, were suffering for their parents’ sins. Part of the new order will be the certain accountability of every individual to God personally.
- Verse 32. The writer to the Hebrews, in quoting this passage, follows the LXX . See Heb. 8:9.
- Verse 34. The word ‘know’ is used here not of intellectual knowledge, but of personal intimacy.
- Verses 39, 40. The localities Gareb and Goah are not now known. The ‘valley of the dead bodies’ is the valley of Hinnom. The meaning is that in the new city all shall be holy.