- Judgment falls on Samaria and (almost) on Jerusalem. The Lord God is witness for the prosecution (1:2); the result is ruin in Samaria (1:6, 7), consternation in Judah (1:10-16) and grief in the prophet (1:8, 9). What was the basic reason for the catastrophe (1:5, 13)?
- What classes of the community and what sins are rebuked in chapter 2?
What is the penalty?
- Promise (2:12, 13) follows banishment (2:10).
How care God’s gracious acts described?
Do we, too, know the Shepherd’s love (John 10:14, 15) and the King’s might (2:14)?
Cf. also Is. 40:11; 2 Sam. 5:20.
- 1:5. The prophet sees the capital cities of the kingdoms of both Israel and Judah as the main sources of the corruption of the whole country, although they were the centers of worship.
- 1:12. There is some word-play on the names of the towns mentioned and what they will endure. ‘Grovel in the dust as Dust-town’ (Beth Ophrah), etc. (see Moffatt).
- 1:13. ‘The beginning of sin’: Lachish was the border town at which chariots and horses purchased in Egypt would be received in Judah. See 5:10 and cf. Is. 31:1; 36:9.
- 1:14, 15. The calamities coming on Judah will include separation from loved ones, deception, conquest and ignominious flight.
- Chapter 2. Micah preaches in verses 1-5; he is interrupted by the rich in verse 6 and retorts, verse 7. God speaks in verses 8-10 and 12, 13; the prophet soliloquizes in verse 11.
- 2:4, 5. The avaricious landowners will lament because they themselves have been dispossessed; their portion in the Lord’s inheritance (verse 5) will be no more.
- 2:6. Micah’s preaching is not well received and he is told, ‘Do not drivel…!’ Verse 11 and 3:11 describe the sort of preachers the rich wanted – and got!