These verses are a fourfold argument in proof of 2:16:
(a) verses 1-5, an argument from experience,
(b) verses 6-9, an argument from Scripture teaching about Abraham,
(c) verses 10-14, an argument from the meaning of Christ’s death, and
(d) verses 15-18, an argument from the fact that the covenant of promise was long prior to the giving of the law.
- Unravel the arguments used by Paul in these verses to demonstrate that justification and enjoyment of the gift of the Spirit are by faith in Christ, and not by ‘works of the law’ (i.e., our own law-keeping).
- Verses 10-18. Distinguish between law and promise and between works and faith as bases in God’s dealing with men. What two benefits has Christ made available for us by his redeeming work?
- 3:19-24. Paul seems to have made light of the law. How does he state its purpose in this passage?
- In what way does 3:25-4:7 demonstrate the amazing privileges and position of a Christian? Make a list of them in your own words.