- Show how fully God answered Moses’ request, fulfilling the promise of 33:19.
Against what things was Moses, as representative of the people, sternly warned?
- As a result of his communion with God the skin of Moses’ face shone.
What in the case of Christians, issues from the contemplation of the glory of Christ?
Cf. 2 Cor. 3:18; Luke 11:36.
There follows a period of suspense, during which the people mourned, and Moses set up a tent outside the camp. Here God came in the pillar of cloud to speak with him
- What was God’s attitude at this time:
(a) towards the people, and
(b) towards Moses? What were Moses’ three petitions?
What answers did God give?
- How do the prayers and answers of this chapter show:
(a) the growth of Moses’ desire and faith, and
(b) the richness of God’s grace?
- Verses 1-3. The cause of mourning seems to be that God threatens to revoke the promise of 25:8; 29:45, 46 and to return to the earlier method of guidance by is angels (cf. 14:19; 18:20-23).
- Verse 7. This tent of meeting cannot be the tabernacle (although it was sometimes called by that name: 29:42-44; 35:21), because it was not yet built. It was apparently an ordinary tent pitched outside the camp during the period of suspense
- How does Aaron illustrate the dangers of compromise when essentials are at stake? What did compromise lead to? Why was God’s anger kindled against the people?
- What features of Moses’ character stand out in this chapter? What can we learn from his example?
- Chapter 30. The altar of incense and the bronze laver speak of the need for prayer and for daily cleansing.
Cf. Ps. 141:2; John 13:10; 1 John 1:8, 9.
What lessons can we learn from this chapter on these important subjects?
- Chapter 31. What was God’s part and what was the children of Israel’s in the designing and making of the tabernacle?
See verses 1-11 and cf. 25:2, 9.
- In this instruction concerning the consecration of the priests, distinguish the various parts of the ceremony:
the cleansing, the robing, the anointing, and the sacrifices.
How does our High Priest stand out in marked contrast to Aaron? Cf. Heb. 7:26-28.
- Verses 38-46. What was the significance of the daily burnt offering morning and evening?
What are the counterparts to these activities that are possible for us to share in?
- For the order in which the priest’s garments were put on, see Lev. 8:7-9. Each has some significance:
the coat of pure linen (verse 39) indicating the high priest as a righteous man;
the blue robe (verses 31-35) as a heavenly man;
the ephod with the names of the tribes (verses 3-29) as a representative man;
the mitre with its golden plate (verses 36-38) as a holy man.
Reflect how in all these ways the high priest of Israel in his priestly garments was a type of Christ.
- What can we learn from this chapter concerning the way in which to draw near to God on behalf of others? How must we be clad, and what ought we to be concerned to do?
- The ephod was a shoulder garment, covering breast and back.
- The breastpiece was probably a bag or pouch fastened to the front of the ephod, and called ‘the breastpiece of judgment’ because it contained the Urim and Thummim, which were used to ascertain the divine will. Cf. Num. 27:21; Ezr. 2:63. Their exact from and use is not now known.
- Aaron bore the names of the tribes on his shoulders (the place of strength) and on his heart (the place of affection).
- Chapter 26. What four layers of curtains covered the tabernacle?
What appearance would It have from without, and what from within?
Cf. the contrast between Christ seen from without (Is. 53:2), and seen from within (Phil. 3:8)
Note. It will prove helpful to draw a ground plan of the tabernacle so far as it has been described in these two chapters, with the court, the holy place, and the most holy place, and the altar, table of showbread, candlestick and ark in their proper positions.