- This is the sixth of the seven ‘signs’. To which aspect of Jesus’ work does it point? See verses 5, 39. In how many ways is the opening of this man’s eyes to be compared with the giving of spiritual sight? Does your personal experience of Jesus’ power give you the same assurance in answering his critics as this man had?
- Explain verses 39-41. Detail the ways in which the words and actions of the Pharisees in verses 13-34 illustrate this passage.
- Verse 14. The ‘work’ for which the Pharisees condemned Jesus as breaking the Sabbath was making clay, as well as healing. The later was allowed, but only in an emergency.
Compare Jer. 23:1-4. By their attitude to the blind man of chapter 9 the Pharisees, who claimed to be the spiritual guides of Israel as the people of God, has shown themselves to be ‘thieves and robbers’ (verses 1, 8), like the false prophets of the Old Testament.
- Verses 1-10. Why does Jesus call himself ‘the door of the sheep’? What are the privileges and blessings of those who enter in? How do the sheep recognize the true shepherd? What does he do to them? Do you know his voice?
- What are the marks of the good shepherd? Can you find in verses 11-18: 9a) proof that our Lord’s death was not a mere martyrdom, (b) the purpose of his life and death, and (c) An incentive to missionary work? Cf. Rev. 7:9, 10, 15-17.
- Verse 3. ‘Listen’: i.e., listen attentively to, and so obey.
- Jesus is both ‘door’ and ‘shepherd’. Others also are under-shepherds (Acts 20:28, 29; I Pet. 5:2-4) who must themselves first enter through the ‘door’.
- Why would a plain answer to the Jews’ question of verse 24 have been useless? What indications of the nature of Jesus’ person were already being given? See verses 25, 32, 37, 38. Why were the Jews incapable of seeing this? Do your works corroborate your words?
- In the statements of verses 27, 28 how is the sheep’s relation to the shepherds described, and how the shepherd’s relation to the sheep? On what grounds given in verses 28, 29 can you be sure that you will never perish?
- In what terms does Jesus describe his relationship with God, and what evidence does he give in support of His claim? How far are the words of the Jews at the end of verse 33 correct? What ought they to have done?
- Verse 30. The word ‘one’ is neuter in the Greek: ‘a unity’, not ‘one person’.
- Verses 34-36. See Ps. 82:6. Even the judges of Israel, acting as God’s representatives, were called ‘gods’. The Jews should have seen that Jesus was far superior to them. This comparison with the men of the Old Testament is sufficient argument to refute the charge of blasphemy. Jesus does not imply that he is merely a man like them.