- Verses 2-9, the third ‘sign’. What features of Jesus’ power does it reveal? What did he do for the man, and demand from the man, apart from making him walk? See verses 6 and 14.
- Verses 17-29. In what terms is Jesus’ relationship with God described? What functions concerning judgment has God given to Jesus, and why? How do these truths concern us?
- Verses16-18. What connection has Jesus’ statement in verse 17 with his healing on the Sabbath? How does this agree with Gen. 2:2, 3, and how does it answer the Jews’ criticism of his action?
Verse 25. What is meat here is spiritual from the death of sin. Contrast verses 28, 29.
- To what four different testimonies to himself does Jesus appeal? Which does he himself regard as of least importance, and why? Contrast 8:14.
- Verses 39, 40. Is it still possible to study the Bible without finding life? If so, what is lacking? What reasons does Jesus give for the Jews’ failures? Cf. 2 Cor. 3:14-16.
Verse 31. ‘Not vaild’: in the sense of not being accepted as true. Cf. Deut. 19:15 Matt. 18:16: John 8:13, 14.
- Taking this fourth ‘sign’ in the context of verses 1-13, note what it reveals concerning: (a) why the people were attracted to Jesus; (b) his own attitude to the people; (c) his testing of his disciples’ faith; (d) his use of their co-operation; (e) the source of the answer to men’s need. What overall lesson was this miracle intended to convey?
- Verse 15. Why did not Jesus wish to be made king by these people? What can we learn from his withdrawing from the place of success to be by himself? Cf. Luke 5:15, 16.
- Verse 7. A denarius may be valued as a day’s wage for a laborer; cf. Matt. 20:2.
- Verse 14. ‘The Prophet who is to come’: cf. Deut. 18:15; Matt. 11:3; he is identified here by the people with the Messiah, as verse 15 shows.
The miracle of verses 4-13 is the basis of the dialogue between Jesus and the Jews in verses 25-59.
- The people saw the outward form of the miracle, but failed to discern what it signified spiritually (verse 26). Why? From what motives did they seek Jesus? Are you more concerned about spiritual development than material prosperity (verse 27)?
- How did the people relate the word ‘work’ in verse 27: (a) to the work they were expected to do (verse 28), (b) to the work of Moses compared with that of Jesus (verses 30, 31)? What work did Jesus: (a) require from them (verse 29) and (b) offer from himself (verse 32-40)? What, therefore, is the answer to the question in verse 28?
- How do verses 35-40 present God’s answer to man’s hunger?
Note. Verses 22-25 explain the astonishment of the crowd at finding Jesus next day on the Capernaum side of the lake. They had noticed that he had not gone with the disciples.
Today’s portion falls into four parts: (a) verses 41-51, Jesus’ reply to murmurings of the Jews; (b) verses 52-59, Jesus’ answers to the wranglings of the Jews. (c) verses 60-65, Jesus’ reply to murmuring of his disciples; (d) verses 66-71, Jesus asks the Twelve, ‘you do not want to leave too, do you?
- Comparing verses 36, 37 with 43-45, why do you think some people will not accept Jesus’ words? By what steps do others come to experience salvation?
- The closing verses 60-71 make clear that what Jesus offers to men is not fleshly or material gain (cf. verse 27), but spiritual life through union with himself. What three reasons does Peter give why he and his fellow disciples remained faithful when many others went back?
- How did Jesus give his flesh for the life of the world? What is meant by eating his flesh and drinking his blood?
- Verse 62. The return of the Son of man to heaven (cf. 3:13) will be a greater wonder than the words just spoken. It will confirm the divine character of Jesus and of his words.
- The approaching Passover Feast was clearly in our Lord’s thought as he spoke, and there may be anticipating allusion to the Lord’s Supper; but Jesus is speaking in this discourse, not of the sacrament itself, but of the truths of which the sacrament is only one expression. Note the manner of true participation (verses 35, 63, 68, 69).