- What three reasons are given in this passage to show that God has not cast Israel wholly away?
- How have the remnant who have been saved come into that blessedness, and how have the others failed to obtain salvation? What has been God’s part in the result, and what ours?
- If a man trips and stumbles, he may either rise again or fall and perish. What reason does Paul give here for his confidence that Israel’s rejection is not final?
- Against what spirit does he warn Gentile believers? What lessons ought we to learn for ourselves from God’s dealings with Israel?
- How does this passage encourage the vigorous prosecution of Christian mission to the Jews?
- What is God’s ultimate purpose for Israel, and how do the scriptures cited confirm that purpose?
- Consider the plan of God as revealed in chapters 9-11. By what successive steps has God acted, and will he still act, to bring about the result stated in verse 32? Does the argument of these chapters lead you as naturally as it led Paul to the doxology of verses 33-36
In the second part of his letter Paul now shows what quality of life should characterize those who believe in the gospel as set out in chapters 1-11. The close connection between belief and conduct is emphasized by the significant word ‘Therefore’ in 12:1. See Analysis.
- What should be the believer’s attitude: (a) to God, and (b) to the world? What results should such a right attitude produce?
- It has been suggested that the teaching of verses 3-8 might be summed up in the word ‘humility’, and that of verses 9-21 in the world ‘love’. How far is this true? At what points do I particularly come short of these standards?
- What three main reasons does Paul give in verses 1-7 why it is right to submit to the civil power? How will this submission express itself in practice?
- What single guiding principle should control the Christian’s life in society? See verses 8-10.
- Verse 11-14. Paul gave in 12:1 one powerful motive for living the life set forth in these chapters, namely, ‘God’s mercy’. What further motive does he present here? What will wearing the armour of light mean for you, both negatively and positively?
Note. Verse 2. ‘The state can rightly command obedience only within the limits of the purposes for which it has been divinely instituted – in particular the state not only may but must be resisted when it demands the allegiance due to God alone’ (Romans (TNTC),p. 223-4).