Proverbs: 30 – 31

Proverbs: 30

The last two chapters of Proverbs are appendices. Chapter 30 gives the sayings of Agur, of whom nothing further is known. Agur first looks Godward, and is humbled by the mystery of the divine being and power. Later he looks out on the world of men and animals and notes a number of striking facts, which he records.

  1. Notice the definiteness, urgency, content and motive of Agur’s prayer. Compare with it the prayer which our Lord taught his disciples to pray.
  2. Are the classes of men mentioned in verses 11-14 still present? State in four words the sins of which they were guilty.
  3. What four lessons can the four creatures mentioned in verses 24-28 teach us?


Proverbs: 31

  1. What three virtues did King Lemuel’s mother urge upon him (verses 1-9)? Are they any less necessary for all who will occupy positions of responsibility?
  2. Make a list of the qualities of the ideal housewife as depicted in verses 10-31.



  1. Read verses 6, 7 in the light of verses 4, 5, i.e., as ‘a cutting reminder tat an administrator has better things to than anaesthetize himself’ (Proverbs (TOTC), p. 182).
  2. Verse 10. ‘Noble’: the Hebrew word includes both moral worth and practical efficiency. Cf. 12:4. Ruth was such an one. See Ruth 3:11.
  3. Verse 18b. This does not mean that she worked all night, but that her house was well ordered and ready against emergencies. Cf. 13:9.

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