Isaiah 64 – 66

Isaiah 63:7-64:12

  1. 63:7-14. How does the suppliant begin his prayer? What has Israel learned of God’s mercy and love in her past? What lesson is here for us when in our need we pray to God? Cf. Eph. 1:16; Phil. 1:3; 4:6; Col. 1:3.
  2. What five pleas are found in 63:15-19? In 64:4, 5, the suppliant begins to advance another plea. What is it, and why is he unable to continue it (6, 7)? Do you know how to plead with God? What pleas can we rightly make?

Notes

  1. 63:10, 11, 14. The references to the Holy Spirit in this prayer are strikingly clear and full.
  2. 63:17a. The prolonging of the suffering was tending to increase the ungodliness.

 Isaiah 65

  1. Verses 1-7. What picture of God is unfolded in verses 1 and 2? Cf. Matt. 7:2. Why has he been unable to answer the prophet’s prayer for Israel’s salvation? Cf. 59:1-3. How does God purpose to deal with them (verses 8-12)?
  2. What is to be the lot of God’s chosen people in Jerusalem in the new age that is to dawn (verses 17-25)? What in contrast is going to be the life and end of those who forsake God (verses 11, 15)?

Notes

  1. Verses 3-7. A condemnation of various idolatrous practices.
  2. Verse 8. ‘when a bunch of grapes holds some good wine, men say “destroy it not, it holds a blessing”’ (Moffatt). So God will save the good in Israel.
  3. Verse 11. ‘Fortune’ and ‘destiny’: the Hebrew words are Gad and Meni, the names of two gods.

Isaiah 66

The distinction is mentioned between those who are disobedient to God, and those who fear him. The final destiny of the two classes is made clear. God will thus be fully and finally glorified Cf. 2 Thess. 1:7-12.

  1. When God looks down upon our worship, what is it he values? See verses 1-4; Cf. Ps. 51:17; John 4:23, 24.
  2. What is the end of those who having heard God’s voice, will not give pay attention? See especially verses 4, 5, 6, 17, 24. What, on the other end is promised to Zion and her children? See verses 7-14, 20-22. While these promises are made primarily to Jerusalem and are yet to be fulfilled, they also declared the spiritual good things that God has provided for us in his Son, and which we can claim for ourselves in him. Cf. Rom. 8:16, 17, 32; 1 Cor. 3:22; 2 Cor. 1:20.
  3. How does the prophet’s vision of God’s purpose for the nations fall short of the glory of the full revelation of this ‘mystery’ in the New Testament?
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