1 Samuel 21:10-22:23
1. Do you gather from 21:10-15 and 22:3-5 that David’s flights out of the holy land were done without God’s guidance? What seems to have determined David’s actions? Contrast 22:23. Are you free from the fear of men? Cf. Prov. 29:25.
2. Consider the character of the motley crew of which David now became the leader. Why did they turn to him? How can God today transform any group under Christian leadership? Cf. 1 Cor. 6:9-11; note especially the phrase, ‘such were some of you’.
3. Read the story of 22:7-19 in the light of Prov. 6:34; 14:30; 27:4. How can the Christian be zealous without being jealous? Cf. 1 Kgs. 19:10, 14; John 2:17.
1 Samuel 23 and 24
1. In what ways did God’s protecting hand cover David, and what special encouragements did he receive? Cf. Ps. 37:23, 24.
2. What held David back from killing Saul when it was in his power to do it, and when his followers were urging him on? What virtues shine out in his self-restraint, and what lessons do you learn from this? Cf. Rom. 12:19, 20.
3. Were Saul’s words and weeping accompanied by a real change of heart?
- 24:13, 14. David uses the proverb to demonstrate his innocence. The wicked action one would expect from a wicked man has not been forthcoming in his case. ‘A dead dogs? A flea?’: something harmless, elusive, unimportant.
- 24:20, 21. Saul apparently knew God’s purpose, though he strove to avert some of its consequences.