1 Samuel 13
1. Consider the Israelites’ great danger. Se verses 5, 6. 19-22. In such a situation what ought they to have known to be the one indispensable and sure secret of survival and victory? See 12:14, 15.
2. What was wrong with Saul’s professed desire to entreat the favour of the Lord, and with the action he took to further it? What warning do you take from the irreparable consequences following on one specific sinful act? Why does God expose men to such searching tests See Deut. 8:2.
- Verse 1. Some numbers are lacking here. Thirty would in each case suitably fill the gap.
- Verse 2. Many years must have elapsed. In 9:2 Saul is described as a ‘young man’. Here his son Jonathan is old enough to command a fighting force.
1 Samuel 14
1. How was it that Jonathan was so courageous? Cf. verse 6 with 2 Chr. 14:11; 1 Sam. 2:9, 10.
2. What indications do you find of Saul’s impatience, and how did it lead him to hasty and wrong decision? Yet what evidence is there that with all his self-will Saul was anxious not to offend the Lord? How do you account for this?
- Verse 6. ‘The Lord will act on our behalf’: the Old Testament is full of the God who acts in different ways. Cf. 1 Kgs. 8:32; Jer. 14:7; Ps. 22:30, 31.
- Verse 24. Saul’s purpose was probably religious, viz., by fasting in order to obtain God’s favour.