- See Deut. 7:1-6 as the background to tis chapter. What factors led to the disobedience of Joshua and his leaders?
- Having realized their error, how did the Jewish leaders deal with situation? What principles can we draw from this for ourselves?
- Trace the subsequent history of the Gibeonites, see in Josh. 10:2; 11:19; 2 sam.21:1-9; 2 Chr.1:1-13
- Use a map briefly in your mind the events described here. In what ways is this chapter an interesting sequel to chapter 9? What lessons had Joshua and Israel learnt?
- These thing ‘were written down as warnings for us’ (1 cor. 10:11). What examples can we follow? See verses 6ff, 16-22, 24, 25; 26-40; 42; and cf. Ps.15:4 and Col. 3:5.
- Verses12, 13. See NBC, pp. 247-8. By the action of God’s sovereign providence conditions were granted, which we cannot fully explain, which enabled the Israelites to gain a complete victory.
- Verse 40. ‘The Negev’ was the arid southern land
Joshua 11 & 12
- Again the aid of a map is needed to follow this summery of a war which lasted several years. Which area is covered here? To what causes was Joshua’s final victory due?
- Note the verses which point out the finality and harshness of the treatment which Joshua carried out. Why was this necessary? What spiritual lesson can we learn from this? Cf. Matt. 18:8, 9; Col. 3:5.
- Meditate on the statement at the end of chapter 11 in the light of the continued conflict in chapters 13ff. See especially 13:1. In what ways does this history provide encouragement and challenge to us today? Cf. the order and progress of Rom. 6-8.
- 11:20. See Deut. 9:4, 5; Gen. 15:16; and cf. Exod. 9:12. The Canaanites, like pharaoh, were in the end provoked to go further on their already self-chosen evil way. This brought their Judgment to a Head.
- In 11:21 we read that Joshua cut off the Anakites from Hebron, Debir and other places; in chapters 14 and 15 it is Caleb and Othniel who take Hebron and Debir; while in 10:36-39 we have read that at a still earlier time Joshua took Hebron and Debir, and ‘totally destroyed it and everyone in it’. The Explanation is that those whom Joshua is said to Have killed on the earlier occasion were those whom he captured in the cities when he took them the first time; a considerable part of the population must have fled before he attacked the cities, and must have returned and reoccupied them while he was away in the north. 11:21 describes in summary form operations which covered a long time, and attributes to Joshua as Commander in-Chief what was done by Caleb and others under his orders.