Deuteronomy 14 and 15
These two chapter contain laws concerning: (a) funeral practices (14:1, 2); (b) clean and unclean foods (14:3-21); (c) tithing (14:22-29); (d) the seventh year or year of release (15:1-18); (e) firstling males of the herd or flock (15:19-23).
1. The principle underlying the laws of chapter 14 is that Christians are to behave differently from the world. What do we learn here concerning the Christian’s attitude: (a) to death and bereavement (verses 1, 2; cf. 1 Thess. 4:13); (b)to food and bodily indulgence (verse 3-21; cf. 1 Cor. 6:12, 13; 10:23, 31); (c)to money and possessions (verses 22-28; cf. 1 Cor. 16:2)?
2. What do the laws of Christians’ duty of putting the need of their fellow Christians before their own rights (cf. Matt. 5:38-42); © equality in the church of God (cf. Acts 2:44; 4:34; 2 Cor. 8:14)?
Note. 14:1b. A reference to heathen mourning practice, signifying excessive grief.
At 16:18 the section on the civil law commences. Here we have (a) the appointment and duties of judges (16:18-20); justice in matters of religion (16:21-17:7); (c) the final court of appeal (17:8-13); (d) the appointment and duties of the king (17:14-20).
1. In connection with the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles, what two requirements are made of the worshipper, and why? With regard to freewill offerings, on what principle is the amount of the gift to be determined? Cf. 1 Cor. 16:2; 2 Cor. 8:12; 1 Pet. 1:8.
2. What does 17:2-7 teach us about the need for church disciplines? Cf. Matt. 18:15-18; 1 Cor. 5; 1 Tim. 1;19, 20; Titus 3:9-11.
3. What was to be the character of Israel’s king if one were appointed, and what was to be the source of his wisdom? Cf. 2 Tim. 3:15-17.
- 16:21. The Asherah appears to have been a pole, Planted by an altar, as a symbol of the god worshipped there.
- 17:8-13. If a case is too difficult for the local judge to handle (see 16:18-20), it is to be brought to the central sanctuary.
- 17:16,17. Notice the word ‘acquire’ (RSV ‘multiply’). Horses (Power), wives, and wealth were coveted by kings of the time. Cf. 1 Kgs. 10:26-28; 11:3, 4.