With Chapter 5 begins Moses’ second discourse, extending to chapter 26. Chapter 4:44-49 is the introductory superscription.
1.What is the significance of the pronouns ‘you’ and ‘your’ which occur throughout the ten commandments? Cf. Lev. 19:3; Ps. 62:12; Jer. 17:10 (RSV: ‘every man’).
2. The ways in which the people reacted to the hearing of the commandments (5:23-27) indicate abiding principles concerning the ways in which all men should react to God’s law. What kind of effect do the reactions here suggest that God’s law should produce? Cf. Heb. 12:21; Rom. 7:9; Gal. 3:24.
3. What was it in the temper of the people that drew from God the words of commendation in 5:28, and the expression of his desire that it might so continue always (verse 29)?
Note. 5:3. ‘Our fathers’: i.e., ‘Our forefather’, namely, the patriarchs. Cf. 4:37; 7:8.
* In Chapter 6-10 Moses outlines some general implications of the Ten Commandments before proceeding to apply them in detail to particular situations.
1. What was God’s purpose in giving the law, and what was the primary duty of the Israelite? What was he to do, and what was he to beware of and not to do?
2. Verse s 10-15 concern forgetfulness of God in a time of prosperity. What ways of guarding against this danger can be found either explicit or implicit in this passage?
3. What insight is given in this chapter into the necessity and method of family religion?
- . Verse 6. ‘Be upon’ literally ‘imprinted on’.
- Verse 13. Alluded to by Christ in answer to Satan (Matt. 4:10).
1. In what four ways were the Israelites to deal with the idolatrous inhabitants of Canaan (Verses 1-5)? What points regarding the Christian’s duty of separation from sin and the world do they illustrate? Cf. Eph. 5:11; 2 Cor. 6:14-18; I John 5:21.
2. In verse 6 -11 what three reasons does God give the people for this drastic attitude? What New Testament principles correspond to this? Cf.1Pet. 1:15, 16; 2:9-12.
3. In verse 12-16 what three blessing does God promise will attend the faithful pursuit of this policy? What blessings are promised in the New Testament to the Christian who practice spiritual separation? Cf. 2 Cor. 6:17, 18; 1 John 2:15-17.
4. In verses 18-26 how does God answer their question of verse 17? What does this teach about the power given to the Christian to ‘be separate’? Cf. 2 Cor. 2:14-16; John 16:33; Rom. 5:10; 1 John 5:4.
1. Verse 2. ‘Utterly destroy’: the Hebrew word means’ to separate to a deity’ and hence ‘to put to death’ or ‘destroy’ as here, and in verses 25, 26.
2. Verse 20. ‘Hornet’ are powerful insects, whose attack in large numbers is dangerous and may prove fatal. Some take the word, however, here (and in Exod. 23:28 and Josh. 24:12) in a figurative sense, as meaning some plague or terror that spreads dismay.