Exodus 22 – 24

Exodus 21:33-23:19

The laws in 21:33-22:15 relate mainly to questions of property, and the remainder of the portion contains miscellaneous precepts.

  1. What instances of careless neglect, leading to injury or loss for others, are given in 21:33-22:15? And what does God demand of the offender in such cases? Can you think of modern parallels to the careless described here?
  2. Gather. Out from 22:16-23:19 illustrations of the truth of the claims God makes here concerning himself. For these claims see 22:27; 23:7. Against what sin does he say that his wrath will wax hot?

Note. Some of these laws are similar to those found in the famous code of. Hammurabi, but the provisions are much more merciful. (Cf. NBD, pp.442-3.) Notice in 22:31 the reference to being ‘consecrated’ to God. Cf. Lev. 11:44, 45.

Exodus 23:20-24:18

  1. 23:20-33. Consider the promises God makes to the people and the demands he makes of them. Can you think of parallel spiritual promise made to Christians and demands made of them in the Christian life?
  2. 24:1-18. Why was this a day of significance and importance in the history of Israel? To what did the people commit themselves? Why is this covenant called (in 2 Cor. 3:7, 9) a ‘dispensation of condemnation’ and of ‘death’? What was God’s answer to the situation thus created? Cf. Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:22.

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