- Verses 1-7. On what five grounds. (Three general and two particular) does James condemn the snobbish conduct described in verses 2, 3? With verse 4, cf. 4:11. We, too, believe in the ‘glorious Lord Jesus Christ’. Are we free from the preoccupation with what people have rather than what they are? Do we love and learn from ‘the rich in faith’?
- Verses 8-13. ‘This partiality business is just a minor matter.’ How dose James deal with this sterile objection? Why, in a life that may otherwise appear to be law- abiding, is one form of sin, like partiality, so serious?
- Verse 12. Our freedom is not freedom from the obligations of moral law; it is freedom to fulfill (verse 18) the just requirements of the law.
- Verse 13b. Mercy triumphs over (not justice but) judgment. The same word is translated ‘condemned’ in 5:12. Mercy will finally triumph because when the merciless are condemned, the merciful will be forgiven.